In 2020, the United States accounted for less than 10% of cell production capacity globally. But the domestic battery-making momentum is gathering fast.

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What’s the Update?

It has been reported that the three largest battery manufacturers worldwide could collectively make over $11 billion to build more than 135 gigawatt-hours (GWh) of battery production in North America.

Since production capacity for battery cells will increase tenfold by the end of the decade, the race to establish a domestic EV-battery supply chain will only intensify.

How’s the Progress Coming Along?

Since more battery production requires more storage space and related infrastructure, it’ll be difficult for consumers not to purchase batteries from this new industry.

Toyota

Toyota announced on October 7th, 2021, that it was planning to build a $1.29 billion battery factory in North Carolina a mere few months later. As a result of this factory, thousands of new jobs will be created within five years, increasing American capacity to manufacture batteries.

Furthermore, the batteries are being produced and distributed sustainably. As a result, the national capacity could grow from less than 60GWh to 700GWh in 10 years.

Contemporary Amperex Technology Co. Ltd.

Contemporary Amperex Technology is looking for a North American site to build a $5 billion battery plant to supply customers in the region, including Tesla. CATL targets sites in Illinois, Michigan, and Ohio as the plant will be built near Toledo.

The company has already secured $1 billion in funding from investors and is working with suppliers to finalize the plant’s design. The Chinese company, Shanghai Huobi Battery Technology Co. Ltd., is the largest battery maker in the world, and it is expected to become even more dominant in the coming years.

The Implications

  • It would equate to producing 800,000 GWh of batteries each year.
  • CATL’s current manufacturing capacity is 145 GWh, with another 579 GWh set to come online by 2026. It means that CATL has the potential to produce a total of 1,429 MMTs of excellent services over the next 5 years.

The Panasonic Corporation

It has expressed interest in setting up a multibillion-dollar battery factory there — reports from Bloomberg and Japanese broadcaster NHK said that the company had expressed interest in setting up a multibillion-dollar battery factory there.

In addition to providing Tesla with next-generation lithium-ion batteries, the facility could also give batteries to other major EV manufacturers.

The Implications

  • By using plant-based cells to make lithium-ion batteries, Tesla and other EV makers could save a great deal of money on their batteries.
  • Oklahoma and Kansas are potential locations that would be able to accommodate its needs for office space, manufacturing, and other industrial activities. The company plans to use the land in these states for ten years. The US facility could start operations as soon as 2024.
  • Tesla is using a plant in California to build its new 4680 battery. However, it is anticipated that Panasonic will begin manufacturing the 4680 in Japan by March 2024.

LG Energy Solution (LGES)

The joint venture between LG and Stellantis will create a new, high-volume EV battery manufacturing facility in Canada.

The company plans to invest up to $4 billion in the project and is expected to create 400 factory jobs in the next five years. It’ll be an essential step for LG as it looks to become a significant player in this automotive market sector.

The Implications

  • By 2030, Stellantis intends to have made 50% of its vehicles battery-electric. The North-American plant will be the company’s first large-scale battery manufacturing facility.
  • LG announced plans to build a battery factory in Arizona earlier this year. The investment will be about $1.4 billion. On the same day, it publicized it was investing in another plant in Kentucky to meet demand from other North American customers. Tesla and Lucid are two of the largest electric car companies globally.
  • In the second quarter of this year, the construction of the 11 GWh of production capacity online in 2024 will get underway.
  • The cells will be produced in a new battery factory that Tesla’s South Korean subsidiary, Lucid, has just opened in the Brooklyn section of New York City. The factory will produce up to 10,000 cylindrical battery cells per month and employ 100 people.

Production is Ramping Up

The Defense Production Act was invoked on the last day of March to increase the mining and refining of minerals for batteries, like cobalt, graphite, nickel, lithium, and manganese.

Approximately 45 GWh of batteries will be produced at this plant every year — an amount that will be plenty to supply the needs of many businesses. Once it is fully operational, the plant will produce 45 GWh of batteries every year.

Hop on the bandwagon if you’re looking to scale production for your venture.

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